What is Diabetes?
Although sugar is a source of energy that is acquired from food ingestion, too much sugar intake can lead to a series of complicated diseases. Diabetes is an endocrine system disorder that causes metabolism dysfunction.
A person who has diabetes has blood glucose that exceeds the normal levels. The pancreas is the organ that produces insulin, the hormone that helps keep blood sugar levels at equilibrium.
A person with diabetes will exhibit excessive hunger (polyphagia) and excessive thirst (polydipsia). Since the person eats more than usual, there will be changes in terms of weight and at the same time, the person will urinate frequently (polyuria) as a result of drinking larger volumes of fluid. Apart from having expected mood swings, a diabetic person may have headaches, lethargy, and blurring of vision. Skin integrity will also be affected as the diabetic will be prone to skin infections and wounds that have slow healing time.
Diabetes, if not managed, may cause stroke, heart attacks, kidney failure, blindness, dental diseases, as well as problems with mobility.
Although people from any age group can acquire diabetes, it is important to know the different types of the disorder.
People who have Type 1 Diabetes can be diagnosed as early as childhood. These people usually have a thin appearance and have higher ketone levels. The effects cannot be managed by exercise and diet alone, so insulin shots will be required by the doctor.
Type 2 Diabetes usually occurs to people who belong to the middle-aged to the elderly bracket. People with this type of diabetes have excess body weight. In contrast to persons with Type 1 Diabetes, this disorder can come off without insulin injection so administration of insulin will not be required.
Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after delivery. However, there is a great chance of acquiring the Type 2 Diabetes if blood glucose levels are not controlled.